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GTIN = Global Trade Item Number


Name Former name Position of digits
GTIN-14 - D01 D02 D03 D04 D05 D06 D07 D08 D09 D10 D11 D12 D13 D14
GTIN-13 EAN 0 N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 N7 N8 N9 N10 N11 N12 N13
GTIN-12 UPC 0 0 N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 N7 N8 N9 N10 N11 N12
GTIN-8 EAN-8 0 0 0 0 0 0 N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 N7 N8

In the database GTINs are stored as GTIN-14.


GS1 prefix

For position D02,D03,D04 except if equal to 248 see uses 248 for items for which no valid GTIN could be identified.

GS1 company prefix

In Germany the minimum length of a company prefix in GTIN-13 is 7 digits and as of 2013-02-27 costs 530 EUR [1]. In GTIN-14 that means a 8 digit prefix, i.e. position D01 to D08.

As of 2014-09-28 uses 02480002 for items for which no valid GTIN could be identified.

Album-specific usage

It is common among some companies e.g. EMI, SONY to use the "2" as CD identifier and the "4" as tape identifier in the last position before the check digit. Other companies, e.g. Fresh Sound Records with their El Bandoneon series do not use that scheme.

DBN TARG 00837413 Al compás del corazón

Type D13 EAN-13 Source
CD 2 724383741328
TAPE 4 724383741342

"5" could be digital see

  • Digital UPC - 5099962967952
  • Multi Disc UPC - 5099962967921

Last digit before check digit

  • 1 Vinyl [2]
  • 2 CD
  • 3 ?
  • 4 TAPE
  • 5 digital?

1 Vinyl, 12” single or full length
2 CDs, all lengths
3 Video (VHS)
4 Cassettes – all lengths
5 Digital Releases (MP3, etc.) – all lengths
6 Super Audio CDs
7 Vinyl, 7” single
8 MiniDiscs
9 DVDs
0 Enhanced CDs

Allocation rules

From (Feb 2007):

A separate unique GTIN is required whenever any of the pre-defined characteristics of an item are different in any way that is relevant to the trading process. The guiding principle is if the customer is expected to distinguish a new trade item from an old trade item and purchase accordingly, a new GTIN should be assigned.

Relation with derivable codes

For this example derivable codes are

TINP-14 00724383741328
GTIN-14 00724383741328
 EAN-13  0724383741328
 UPC-12   724383741328 

Finding GTIN

Look up via GTIN

GTIN non-compliance

See also

GTIN wanted